March 1, 2024
What Are Genital Warts?

What Are Genital Warts?

The medical word for warts in the genital region, which includes the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body),

 and anus, is condyloma acuminatum.

 It is believed that one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases is genital warts (STD). The age group most at risk for developing genital warts is 17 to 33.

What Causes Genital Warts?

The same human papillomavirus Best Genital warts (HPV) that causes other warts is the root cause. 90% are brought on by HPV-6 and HPV-11.

 These warts spread fast from the skin of those who are affected and are substantially more infectious than other warts. One to six months after exposure, warts start to develop. Multiple sex partners and a past STD history are risk factors for developing these warts.

What Are the Symptoms of Genital Warts?

The majority of the time, there are no symptoms, however inflamed or infected warts can cause itching, burning, and drainage. These warts develop on moist areas including the rectum, vaginal openings, and penis. 

They develop as little pink or white nodules that form in clusters. While the warts are modest, the clusters have a tendency to grow extremely fast into enormous, cauliflower-like mounds. Untreated warts can lead to complications including cervical cancer in females and urinary obstruction in males if they develop on the urethra.

How Are Genital Warts Diagnosed?

During a physical examination, the healthcare professional will determine a diagnosis based on how the warts appear.

 The medical professional could also do a biopsy or culture on the location. Other STDs may also be tested for.

How Are Genital Warts Treated?

Genital warts should be treated by a medical professional. Use only prescription medications to eradicate warts. Small warts can be treated with topical medications including imiquimod, 5-fluorouracil, podofilox, and trichloroacetic acid cream.

 Liquid nitrogen can be used to cure larger warts. There may be a need for laser therapy or surgical removal. Warts frequently recur, necessitating further treatment. The medical professional could advise an at-home cream to use.

DOs and DON’Ts in Managing Genital Warts:

DO use the medication as directed.

DO maintain follow-up doctor’s appointments until all warts have disappeared.

DO make your sexual partners aware of your disease so they may be checked out and given care.

DO postpone having sex until all warts have disappeared.

DO practise good hygiene:

GET TESTED for more STDs.

Use latex condoms at all times when having intercourse.

DO get the HPV recombinant vaccination (Gardasil®) if you are female (all girls and women aged 11 to 26). Genital warts brought on by HPV types 6, 11, 16, and 18 will be shielded from. All boys between the ages of 9 and 26 are advised to get the HPV vaccination to prevent genital warts.